As often, the English word is more powerful. "Literally "those who blow a whistle" the whistleblowers come from a very Anglo-Saxon tradition, that of the individual who stands against his organization to denounce malpractices or serious dysfunctions ", defined Sylvie Kauffmann, on October 28, 2004, in The world. American news has just given a new example: according to the revelations of a whistleblower, a whistleblower, therefore, Donald Trump would have asked his Ukrainian counterpart to investigate the family of Joe Biden, the favorite of the Democratic primaries.
In another register opens, in France, the trial of the Mediator, this drug against diabetes responsible for serious cardiac disorders. A case brought to light thanks to the stubborn work of another whistleblower: the pneumologist Irène Frachon. It is in this area of sanitary affairs that the French term is used for the first time in The worldin March 2002. "André Cicolella wants to be a "launcher", adept at the precautionary principle, writes Benoît Hopquin. This scientist was particularly attached in the early 1990s to reveal the cancer risks of glycol ethers (present in some paints and solvents). " In 1994, the researcher lost his position at the National Research and Safety Institute (INRS). He had ended up winning his fight, and being reinstated.
The cases of Bradley Manning and Edward Snowden
When, in 2007, the Government is working under the Grenelle Environment Forum on the protection of whistleblowers, André Cicolella will be a listened voice. "His case illustrates the difficulties and sometimes the repression of whistleblowers, scientists and citizens who, because they evoke the potential danger of a technique or a product and seek to make them known, find themselves exposed to the vengeance of their peers or lobbies ", writes Hervé Kempf on October 24, 2007. "The researchers point out that at the origin of the discovery of the risks of asbestos, nuclear power, mad cow disease, and many other environmental and health problems, there were whistleblowers. In the United States and Great Britain, laws protect such "Troublemakers" " says the reporter. In France, it will be necessary to wait for the law Sapin 2, voted in December 2016, so that a beginning of protection is put in place.