Since the summer of 2018, the city of Idlib and its region, in north-west Syria, have been at the heart of lively negotiations and targeted by intense bombing. Even though a ceasefire was negotiated on March 5 to try to preserve the population, the situation remains very tense.
On the one hand, there is the regime of Bashar Al-Assad. Weakened by nine years of war, but supported by Russia, the Syrian president wishes to take back what he considers to be "A nest for terrorists". Beyond the jihadist risk, this city also has a strong strategic interest for the Syrian regime. It is indeed located near the coastal province of Lattaquié, where the stronghold of the Assad dynasty is located, and is surrounded by agricultural areas.
On the other side, there is Turkey. Ankara opposes Assad’s assaults that flee hundreds of thousands of civilians and endanger the area of influence that the country has acquired at the border.
In this war, beyond a territorial quarrel, the future of a population trapped in the bombing is at stake. A migratory and humanitarian drama that takes place at the gates of Europe.
Explanation, in maps and images.