In Bolivia, precarious calm after the agreement on elections

Former Bolivian president Evo Morales in exile in Mexico City on Tuesday (November 26th). Rebecca Blackwell / AP

Some swear that this is only a " pause ". But a precarious calm was back on Tuesday, November 26 in El Alto, next to La Paz, after the intense mobilization against the self-proclamation of the interim government, two weeks earlier. With the horizon of the new elections announced Sunday, the barricades were lifted. But some here are still waiting for the return of former President Evo Morales. "It's our president. He must return, only he can represent us, while this government sent the army to kill us ", Judge Elena, a resident of El Alto.

What was presented as the solution to the end of the crisis, in which Bolivia is located for more than a month, ended up: presidential and legislative elections will take place, but without the resigning president. The agreement presented by the executive was approved by the assemblies Saturday before being promulgated the next day by the transitional president, Jeanine Añez (right).

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"We have received a mandate to hold clean, fair and transparent elections. We guarantee you that we will get there, " said Mme Añez, who also called in his speech to the unification of the country. This was far from being won in advance, as the bill provoked intense debate among parliamentarians, where the elected representatives of the Movement for Socialism (MAS) of Evo Morales are still in the majority. The main stumbling block was whether or not the former president would participate in the next election. Finally, the next election will be held without him – a first for eighteen years.

"Pacify the country"

Evo Morales, exiled in Mexico since November 12, is no longer welcome in his country, the interim government has filed a complaint against him for "sedition" and "terrorism", accusing him of stirring up the conflict since outside. Evo Morales denounces a "Assembly".

Another important agreement concluded Sunday, that passed for "Pacify the country" between the government and social organizations. The latter pledged to demobilize their bases and stop roadblocks in exchange for certain guarantees. The agreement provides for the withdrawal of the army from the demonstration areas and the suspension of the controversial decree exonerating the military in the performance of their duties. A decree that caused the most concern among protesters and human rights organizations, who denounced a " license to kill ".


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