In Bolivia, interim power promises to call elections "very quickly"

The results of the last presidential election have led ex-head of state Evo Morales to exile to Mexico, resulting in violent tensions in the country.

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Supporters of former Bolivian President Evo Morales, El Alto, November 17. Natacha Pisarenko / AP

Bolivian interim President Jeanine Añez announced Sunday, November 17, the convening of elections "Transparent" " very quickly ", while the situation remained tense in the country, between a power that speaks of de-escalation and the former president Evo Morales who evokes "Crimes against humanity".

"We will soon be reporting on our main mandate: the convening of transparent elections", said Mme Añez in a speech at the government headquarters in La Paz. She did not provide further details, but said that the upcoming announcement would seek "To recover the democratic credibility of our country".

Jeanine Añez, a 52-year-old right-wing parliamentarian, rose to the presidency on Tuesday as the second deputy speaker of the Senate, while the occupants of the superior positions to replace the president resigned from office.

"Pacify" the country

Evo Morales, who was the head of state since 2006, resigned the previous Sunday, dropped by the army, and then went into exile in Mexico. The Socialist leader was facing opposition protests, accusing him of introducing fraud in the October 20 election, where he declared himself elected in the first round.

Mme Añez had an interview with a representative of the European Union, Leon de la Torre, who said he was optimistic because of"Advances in the round table" with supporters of Mr. Morales, without specifying which ones. According to the Constitution, it is the Congress that must elect the seven members of the new Supreme Electoral Tribunal.

Parliamentarians on the side of the party of Mr. Morales, the Movement for Socialism (MAS), which holds the majority in both chambers, proposed to the other political groups a meeting Monday to "Pacify this country", according to the MP MAS Betty Yañiquez.

Read also UN denounces "disproportionate" use of force by police and military in Bolivia

Different balance sheets

In the meantime, tensions remain high. Since late October and the beginning of the crisis in this Andean country, at least twenty-three people have died in violence, according to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR).

The most intense focus is in the area of ​​Cochabamba (center), stronghold of Evo Morales. On Friday, nine pro-Morales coca farmers died in clashes with security forces in Sacaba, near Cochabamba, according to a report provided by the IACHR on Saturday.

In a tweet on Sunday, Morales urged the "De facto government" to identify "Intellectual and material authors of twenty-four deaths in five days by police and military repression", thus advancing another balance sheet. "I denounce before the international community these crimes against humanity which must not go unpunished", he added since his Mexican exile. The government of Mme Añez advanced on his side a record of five deaths.

On Sunday, the new Bolivian police chief, Colonel Rodolfo Montero, said that "Some clashes" were still taking place in Cochabamba, but that their "Intensity" was going to " decreasing ". "The number of conflict homes has halved" compared to the beginning of the week, added the interim Minister of the Interior and former right-wing Senator Arturo Murillo. This ex-right-wing senator also spoke of the idea that coca farmers were fighting each other to increase the number of victims because at least one dead person "Appears with a bullet in the neck".

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shortages

Since Tuesday, the supporters of the former president are demonstrating every day, including La Paz. The blockage of the road linking the administrative capital to the center and east of the country, where agricultural production is concentrated, is causing shortages.

To relieve La Paz, the government sent 35 tons of meat by air from central Bolivia. And the chief of staff of the presidency, Jerjes Justiniano, promised Sunday the shipment of 25 tons of chicken in the coming days.

There is also a lack of fuel with the blocking of the Sanketa refinery near El Alto, which supplies the entire La Paz region with gas and gas. Six Coca farmers 'unions in the Chapare region, Morales' stronghold, demanded the resignation of Mme Añez "Within forty-eight hours". Meanwhile, the four members of the Cuban medical brigade detained since Wednesday in La Paz were released Sunday and sent back to Cuba.

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