Before Carrie Lam, the Hong Kong executive, announced Friday July 31 the postponement of the legislative elections scheduled for September 6, a dozen well-known opposition figures had learned the day before that their candidacy was inadmissible. ” It’s a purely political decision disguised in non-existent legal verbiage “, said furious Thursday afternoon Dennis Kwok, 42, one of the most respected and eloquent opposition MPs, banned from running for a third term for the Civic Party, the lawyers’ party.
The reasons for which twelve candidates of the pro-democracy camp were eliminated are very varied. To some, the inspectors of the electoral procedure have criticized their statements on the recent draconian national security law imposed by Beijing a month earlier, aimed at punishing any form of criticism of the central government. To others, they pointed out their contacts with foreign governments, because some deputies or activists went to Washington to ask for the support of the United States, or in Europe to warn about the progressive strangling of fundamental freedoms or on abuses of the police. In yet other cases, examiners have simply ruled that candidates’ declaration of allegiance to the local constitution, Basic Law, “Lacked sincerity”.
The weakness of the explanations provided seems to indicate that the officials responsible for validating the candidacies were diligent. ” Beijing wanted to avoid a hostile takeover of Parliament ”, believes Lau Siu-kai, vice-president of the Chinese Association of Hong Kong and Macao Studies, for whom there is no doubt that the central government controlled this “sweep” operation.
“Scandalous political purge”
Faced with repression, the pro-democracy camp had succeeded in mobilizing 600,000 citizens during the first large-scale primaries, organized on July 12. Beijing has every reason to fear that the anger of Hong Kongers will be heard at the ballot box, even if the electoral system is already very strongly biased in its favor, by partial representation by economic sectors, loyal to Chinese power. By delaying the vote, China is giving itself time to further lock down the ballot, relying on its new law, as the ongoing disqualifications show.
Their announcement drew international condemnation. The last British governor of Hong Kong until the handover in 1997, Chris Patten, called the elimination of opposition candidates a “Scandalous political purge”, considering that a “Such behavior was expected of a police state”.
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