What place in sport, and especially in football, for supporters? With the Covid-19 pandemic, which brought the French championship to a halt, the question is now posed in light of the clubs' desire to play matches, whatever the cost, even in stadiums empty of spectators. But this question was there long before this crisis, mainly due to tensions due to smoke bans in the precincts and travel bans.
This is what led the Law Commission of the National Assembly to set up a fact-finding mission on "the stadium ban regime and" supporterism "". The findings of the two parliamentarians who conducted it, presented Wednesday, May 20, are final. It’s a statement of failure, that ofe "the policy of the all-repressive", raised by Marie-George Buffet, MP (PCF) for Seine-Saint-Denis and former Minister of Sports, and Sacha Houlié, MP (LRM) for Vienne.
Their report, including The world took cognizance in a non-definitive form, speaks in several cases of a "Broken balance" Between "Public order and fundamental freedoms". This speech reinforces the fears of the National Supporters Association (ANS), which is among the various interlocutors interviewed between September 2019 and February.
"Originally designed to combat the violence of hooligans in stadiums, the IAS is widely used to punish supporters for other acts"
Parliamentarians regret "Extensive use" and "A form of deviation" administrative stadium bans (IAS). This administrative police measure allows prefects, in the name of a very broad reason ("Threat to public order"), to dismiss a supporter without auditioning. After several modifications since its introduction in 2006, the maximum duration of this penalty has been reduced from three months to two years, or even three years in the event of a repeat offense.
Mme Buffet and M. Houlié propose to reduce it to six months, or twelve months in the event of recurrence. In addition, they consider it necessary to "Clarify the reasons" such prohibitions and remove the notion, vague, of "overall behavior". "Originally designed to combat the violence of hooligans in stadiums, the IAS is widely used to punish supporters for other acts, mainly the possession or use of smoke bombs. "
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